Back Pain

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Back pain is a common disorder that can occur in anyone, especially after engaging in physical activities. When treating back pain, many would turn to patches, balms, or pain relieving drinks.

However, back pain is not only a sign of fatigue, but can also be a sign of a more serious health problem.

Types of Back Pain

Back pain has various types based on how long it lasts and its intensity.

Acute back pain

Acute back pain occurs suddenly and may indicate other serious illnesses. This type of back pain cannot be treated with just a patch or muscle pain relieving ointment.

  • Acute Pelvic Inflammation
    Generally, acute pelvic inflammation is caused by a bacterial infection that attacks the female reproductive system. Antibiotics can be a quite powerful option to cure this type of back pain.
  • Appendix
    Although appendicitis is common, you should not underestimate this disease. Usually back pain caused by appendicitis may cause persistent pain in the abdomen on the right side, where the appendix is ​​located.
  • Intestinal Cramps
    The pain is similar to cramps in the legs or other limbs. However, this can worsen if you keep up unhealthy eating habits including lack of fiber, and could cause indigestion.
  • Ovarian Cysts
    Generally, ovarian cysts are harmless. However, if the cyst enlarges, cracks, or blocks the blood circulation to the ovaries, that triggers back pain to occur. The treatment required will be through surgical procedure to remove the cyst.

Chronic back pain

This type of back pain could last for months. The indicator of chronic back pain is when the pain lasts for six months or more. 

  • Endometriosis
    Endometriosis is a female reproductive disease. This occurs as a result of the lining of the uterine wall growing outside the uterine cavity.
  • Chronic Pelvic Inflammation
    Apart from being acute, pelvic inflammation is also chronic. It has similar causes — bacterial infections that often attack the female reproductive system. To treat this type of back pain, patients must use antibiotics. 
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
    The results of this syndrome include bloating, constipation or difficulty defecating, diarrhoea, and stomach cramps.

Causes of Back Pain

In this modern era, people engage in a lot of activities involving the waist, such as sitting too long, frequent heavy lifting, or being overweight. 

Moreover, reduced frequency of exercise is also a crucial factor in the occurrence of back pain. This happens because exercise helps flex stiff body muscles, especially muscles that are often used as the body’s support to carry out daily activities. 

The position of sitting, standing, and sleeping are also the factors that affect the condition of your back. Stress and eating habits can also aggravate back pain.

When to See a Doctor for Back Pain?

If you experience periodic back pain even when you are not doing any physical activity, you should consult an orthopaedic specialist (orthopedist).

The doctor will examine your condition by performing several tests:

  • Physical examination.
  • Body reflex examination.
  • Examination of limb movements

If back pain continues to recur, the doctor may carry out further examinations such as:

  • Blood test
    This examination aims to observe the possibility of infection, inflammation or bleeding.
  • Imaging test
    This examination aims to observe the condition of the bones and muscles of the body. Examples of tests: CT scan, MRI, X-rays.
  • Electrodiagnostic
    This type of examination includes nerve conduction tests, electromyography and evoked potential tests.

Symptoms of Back Pain 

A sore waist area can be a hint of back pain. Symptoms of back pain can indicate there is something wrong with the organs of your body. If you pay close attention, back pain will normally start from the lower ribs and eventually spread to the entire waist. 

If back pain spreads to the base of the legs and lower abdomen, this could be a sign that there may be a problem with the kidneys. If back pain spreads to the lower leg, something may be wrong with the nerves in the spine, or it could be due to a pinched nerve.

The severity of back pain varies; sometimes the pain collects at one point; the other times, the pain spreads throughout the waist. You should pay attention to how long back pain symptoms occur. If it lasts more than three months and occurs frequently enough, you might have chronic back pain.

Treatments for Back Pain

If you have intense back pain that occurs suddenly even when you are not doing any physical activity, you need to consult a doctor immediately. 

In general, there are several treatment methods to help relieve back pain including:


  • Pain relievers
    It can be in the form of cream, liquid, tablets or capsules
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Antidepressants


  • Physiotherapy
    To restore waist muscle strength and posture.
  • Spinal therapy
    It can be a massage or pressure to restore the spine to its normal position.
  • Traction therapy
    Putting weight on the body gradually so that the spine returns to normal
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
    A stimulant, in which the nervous system does not detect back pain.

Medical Surgery

If back pain is caused by a disease or other medical condition, the doctor may recommend medical surgery.

Treatment Costs for Back Pain

The cost of back pain treatment varies, depending on the hospital and medical procedures, or what type and how many medical examinations the doctor conducts.

For more information regarding the estimated costs of back pain treatment, contact Smarter Health.

Prevention of Back Pain 

There are several things you can do to avoid back pain: 

  • Walk frequently in an upright posture.
  • Perform stretching after sitting or sleeping to relax the muscles in your waist.
  • Stand up and walk around if you have been sitting in the same position for 20 to 30 minutes. This is important for the waist muscles to rest after supporting your body weight when sitting.
  • Try not to bend over immediately if you want to pick up something on the floor. Squat first and lift the object using your hips and not your knees.

Home Remedies for Patients Diagnosed with Back Pain

If you are dealing with regular back pain, you can try the following home remedies to treat your back pain:

  • Stop smoking
  • Drink lots of water.
  • Take a pain reliever.
  • Lose weight.
  • Apple compress with warm water or ice water.
  • Support your waist with a pillow while sitting.
  • Maintain your posture, whether you’re on the move or resting.

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